Capitulation is a term used by traders that signifies a climactic end to a recent downtrend in the market, coupled with strong volume and a spike down in prices. This is the event where all the buyers finally give up, and throw in the towel dumping their losing positions. Often, after a capitulatory event, the market starts to reverse and strengthen (think March 2009 when the S&P500 futures hit the 666 low).
But capitulation can also occur in the opposite direction, when all the shorts finally give up and cover their positions, and all the johnny-come-latelys, who have watched the rally from the sidelines, finally hop on board and buy stocks. You could call this event “upside capitulation”. This usually signifies a market top, and a correction or pullback often follows.
I think we saw upside capitulation on Friday morning. On the Premarket Prep show, we were discussing the enormous opening buy imbalances in the S&P 500 components. If you want to learn more about imbalances you can click here, but to put it simply, a buy imbalance indicates that there are more buyers than sellers at the open and the stock will open higher.
Usually when the S&P futures are trading up 5 points (which they were in the premarket on Friday morning), we see buy imbalances, as many of the stocks will open higher with the futures opening higher. But Friday was special. The opening buy imbalances were enormous. They were 10-20 times larger than would be expected for a 5 point up move in the S&P futures.
The institutions that were buying the stocks on this open didn’t just want in, they needed in. Whether it was to offset their options or futures positions (it was quadruple witch), or simply to get more exposure, they needed to buy stocks in a bad way at the open, and the opening imbalances reflected this.
GE had a 5.4 million share buy imbalance (typical for GE is 200-300K).
XOM had a 2.4 million share buy imbalance (to put that into perspective, that is $230 million worth!)
JPM had a 1.7 million share buy imbalance
BAC had a 5.4 million share buy imbalance.
WFC had a 2.8 million share buy imbalance.
VZ had a 2.2 million share buy imbalance.
C had a 2.7 million share buy imbalance.
It was huge buy imbalances across the board in the S&P500 components. Billions of dollars worth. In fact, the imbalances were so large, there weren’t enough stock/index arbitrage players to offset the buy demand in the stocks, and the stocks opened much higher than they should have relative to the futures.
Check out these opens:
GE opened up 53 cents at $25.80.
MRK opened up 91 cents at $56.50.
JPM opened up $1.09 at $61.20.
PFE opened up 58 cents at $32.49
T opened up a ridiculous 71 cents at $34.80.
And the stocks cratered immediately. But not only did they crater, they kept continuing to sell-off throughout the day, and it spread throughout the market hitting some of the high flyers the hardest.
BIIB lost 8%, DDD lost 6%, NFLX lost 4%, TSLA lost 2.6%, GILD lost 4.6%.
This was a key reversal day in the stocks and in the overall market. The S&P index opened right at a new all-time high, and then sold off and closed very weak. Many stocks closed at or near their lows of the day. The ridiculous buying off the opening print and then the immediate sell-off that ensued may have been the capitulatory event the bears have been looking for. We’ll know more in the coming week, but it looks like there is a distinct possibility that the institutions that HAD to be in this market on Friday morning, may have just bought the top.
Update: I had a rant on the #Premarket Prep show this morning discussing this scenario and why the market is heading lower:
Brian Sozzi, CEO and Chief Equities Analyst at Belus Capital Advisors discusses his concerns about JC Penney, and Sears. Also discusses his outlook for RSH, WMT, TGT, and SBUX.
Exone Company (XONE) lowered guidance after the bell tonight. 3D Systems (DDD) immediately started getting whacked on the news in sympathy, but Stratasys (SSYS), another sympathy play, was slow to respond.
Some might argue that SSYS lowered guidance earlier this morning and their down move was already priced in, but this was not the case. In fact, the stock could not immediately trade lower on the XONE lowered guidance due to the uptick rule.
Yes, the uptick rule still exists, but it only applies in certain situations. The uptick rule still applies if a security drops by more than 10% (which SSYS did today). So nobody can short the stock without an uptick for the remainder of the day (and the following day).
But this rule actually interferes with the natural price discovery process, and uninformed investors can be punished as a result.
Let’s dive into the details of the SSYS trading action after the bell:
The XONE news breaks shortly after 16:05, and everyone gangs up on the offer at $119.06 to try to short SSYS (myself included). You can see how the offer builds in this image:
Then some unfortunate traders decide to place buy orders for the stock and are executed against the $119.06 offer (My offer was not one that was executed).
These traders are completely uninformed because the SSYS price has not fully adjusted for the news, and cannot adjust until a natural seller sells the stock which happens here:
The price drops to $119, and informed traders gang up on the offer again at $119.01 trying to get short:
Eventually another natural seller comes in and the stock falls down to a price of $116 a few minutes later.
My issue here is with the unfortunate buyer of the stock at $119.06. Had the uptick rule not been in place, the SSYS price would have been able to adjust much more quickly, and the unfortunate traders that bought the stock at $119.06 would have likely gotten a much better price.
This is a good example of why we should not reinstate the uptick rule, and in my opinion the rule shouldn’t exist at all as it slows down the price discovery process.
With the broad market making new all time highs, almost on a daily basis, one issue far from its all time high is Icahn Enterprises LP (NASDAQ: IEP). Since catapulting to 149.77 on December 9th, the issue has declined to 113 and shows no sign of reversing course.
All of this taking place with many of Uncle Carl’s top holdings trading at 52 week, multi-year, or all time highs. For example, his well publicized purchases of Apple (NASDAQ: AAPL), Herbalife (NYSE: HLF) and Netflix (NASDAQ: NFLX) have made incredible moves, aided by Tweets revealing his investments in these issues.
Since the IEP share price is not following his stable of investments, there must be another reason for the precipitous decline in its price over the last 13 trading sessions. That reason – the “Icahn herd” is getting taken to the cleaners. Investors looking to emulate his performance simply piled into the issue with reckless abandon.
Obviously, these uninformed investors paid little or no attention to IEP’s Net Asset Value (NAV) which was approximately $75 as of November 30th. Simply stated, the “herd” was paying up to double the NAV to “rub elbows” with the biggest star on Wall Street.
Of course, IEP should be afforded some sort of premium because of Icahn’s stellar performance, but paying double the NAV for any issue seems a bit ridiculous.
Keep in mind, IEP is still up 250% for the year, far outdistancing the broad market, so any further pullbacks for the issue can be construed as healthy. However, the herd that joined the party a little bit too late is significantly under water here.
Perhaps once the weak hands are finally forced out, which may be near the major support level of 110, IEP may resume its rally. However, this journey north, if it indeed does take place, may be greeted with many more sellers than on its first occasion. The reason for this being that buyers that got burned the first time, will be utilizing any rallies to exit the issue.
It is a dangerous game chasing stocks because when the momentum swings the other direction it can get ugly in a hurry. With the 7% pullback in Twitter (NYSE:TWTR) today, you wonder if the trading herd is caught again?
On many occasions, significant moves in the market occur after a period of consolidation. Consider the recent trading action in the S&P 500 Futures. The index had a significant period of consolidation back in mid-November when the contract posted four of five closes between 1765 and 1767.50. Once that area was cleared on November 13th (1778.75), the index reached 1800 only four trading sessions later.
At this time, the index has posted five consecutive closes within a three point range from 1801.25-1804.25, which is rare in this volatile trading vehicle. This area should act as major support early in this week’s trading, and could be the base to catapult the market higher (since it is hard to argue the trend is anything but up). However, if this 1800 level is breached, a much overdue significant correction could take place, taking the contract down to the 1775 level and perhaps even as low as 1735. It is critical that this market hold the psychological 1800 level this week.